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Tracheal Cancer Treatment

Tracheal cancer is a rare cancer that can have life-threatening consequences. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you experience even mild symptoms of the same. We offer holistic tracheal cancer treatment in Gurgaon, Delhi to restore normalcy and provide wholesome treatment for serious complications.

What Is Tracheal Cancer?

Tracheal cancer is the cancer in your windpipe. Trachea is the airway running from your voice box (larynx) to your bronchi that lead to your lungs. The cancer occurs when a tumor develops in the trachea or bronchi. Although these cancers are rare, it is important to seek the right tracheal cancer treatment to tackle the issue.

Our head and neck oncology experts help you diagnose the problem and provide the best tracheal cancer treatment in Gurgaon. Rest assured that we use state-of-the-art equipment to treat the tumor and help the patient lead a healthy and happy life.

A lot of tracheal cancers are caused because of a cancer spreading to the patient’s windpipe, a process known as metastasizing. While malignant tumors are common in adults, most tumors found in children are benign.

Symptoms Of Tracheal Cancer

Here are the major symptoms that should prompt you to seek tracheal cancer treatment:

  • Excessive coughing, which may involve coughing up blood
  • A distinct high-pitched sound occurring between breaths (stridor)
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Hoarseness in voice

Types Of Tracheal Cancers

Here are the most common types of malignant tracheal tumors:

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of tracheal cancer. The fast-growing cancer typically arises in the lower part of your trachea and penetrates the mucosal lining of your airway as it grows and spreads. This may result in bleeding and ulceration in the windpipe.

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma

Unlike squamous cell carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma is not likely to penetrate through the mucosal lining of your trachea. Here, the tumor closes off your airway as it grows.

Carcinoid Tumors

Carcinoid tumors arise from your neuroendocrine cells that produce hormones like serotonin. While most carcinoid tumors are found in the gastrointestinal region, a few are found in the bronchi as well.

Here are the three major types of benign tracheal tumors:


This is the most common type of benign tracheal cancer. It involves firm nodules which are located in your trachea’s cartilage rings. This cancer occurs most commonly in the voice box.


This is the tumor growth consisting of an abnormal buildup of capillaries in your trachea


Papillomas are cauliflower-shaped tumors that are believed to be caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They are most commonly found in children.

Tracheal Cancer Diagnosis

If you or anyone in your family experience even mild tracheal cancer symptoms, it is advisable to seek immediate medical help from an oncologist. If you are unsure about the issue, your doctor will confirm the same by arranging a CT scan or recommending a specialist right away.

The specialist will ask you relevant questions about your symptoms and look at your reports to diagnose the issue. Here are a few common tests that help in tracheal cancer diagnosis:

  • X-ray
  • CT scan
  • MRI scan
  • Bronchoscopy and biopsy
  • Rigid bronchoscopy
  • Lung function tests
  • Endoscopic ultrasound

Staging And Grading

The size and spread of a tumor help your doctor determine the tracheal cancer’s stage. Knowing the stage makes it easier and faster for your doctor to go ahead with your tracheal cancer treatment.

Here are the three major stages your doctor may refer to while describing your tracheal cancer:

  • Local or early stage – if the cancer is only in the trachea
  • Locally advanced stage – if the cancer has spread to nearby areas of the trachea
  • Advanced or metastatic stage – if the cancer has spread farther to organs like the liver, bones, etc.

Tracheal Cancer Treatment

Your tracheal cancer treatment will depend on the stage of the cancer is at. Three major treatments for this cancer include surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.


If the cancer is still in its early stage, doctors can remove the tumor via tracheal cancer surgery. Here, the surgeon removes the section of the trachea where the tumor is located and joins the separated ends together. It is important to note that this is a specialized surgery, and not all hospitals offer tracheal cancer surgery.


Radiotherapy is a tracheal cancer treatment methodology that involves using high-energy x-ray cells to destroy the tumor. Doctors ensure that it causes as little harm to the nearby cells as possible.

Your oncologist may suggest radiotherapy for the following reasons:

  • To reduce the risk of the cancer returning after surgery
  • To remove a tumor that cannot be removed surgically
  • To improve the treatment’s impact by combining it with chemotherapy
  • To control the spread of cancer to other areas of the body


Oncologists often recommend chemotherapy with radiotherapy if the tracheal cancer cannot be removed surgically. Also, if the cancer has spread to other parts of the patient’s body, chemotherapy prevents it from growing any further.

Etoposide, carboplatin and cisplatin are some of the most commonly used chemotherapy drugs used to cure tracheal cancer. Chemotherapy drugs are administered to the patient’s vein through their nerve.

You can have chemotherapy as an outpatient, while some patients choose to get their chemotherapy done while staying admitted to the hospital.