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Lung Cancer Treatment

Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer experienced by patients worldwide. It affects the healthy functionality of your lungs, causing life-threatening complications if not treated on time. We provide comprehensive lung cancer treatment in Gurgaon, Delhi for patients belonging to all stages and grades.

Our facility is equipped with modern equipment that makes lung cancer treatment holistic and successful. Our team of healthcare professionals treats all our patients with the utmost care and sensitivity.

What Is Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer is a catastrophic health condition that involves uncontrolled cell division in the patient’s lungs. It results in the growth of cancerous cells in the lung tissues, especially in the small air sacs or lung airways (bronchi). Lung cancer results when cancerous cells in your lungs keep multiplying, resulting in a tumor. This tumor can spread to other parts of your body, leading to several health complications. The tumor in your lungs deteriorates its functionality, making otherwise normal activities laborious.

Types Of Lung Cancer

There are two major types of lung cancer – non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer.

Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

This is the most common type of lung cancer. It derives its name from how cancer cells look under the microscope. Common types of non-small lung cancer include squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. While they are less common types of non-small cell lung cancer, adenosquamous carcinoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma can also develop in patients.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

While it is less common as compared to non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer develops and grows rapidly. Moreover, it is more difficult to be treated than non-small cell lung cancer. This lung cancer is often diagnosed as a small lung tumor that has already spread to other body parts of the patient.

Lung Cancer Stages

Lung cancer treatment depends on the stage at which the patient is. Each lung cancer stage contains different size combinations and the extent of the tumor’s spread.

Here are the common lung cancer stages that are diagnosed and treated by oncologists worldwide:

Stage 0

Also known as in-situ, this is the stage where the cancer is still in the top lining of your lung. Cancer at this stage still hasn’t spread to other parts of the lung and can be treated effectively without further complications.

Stage 1

The lung cancer at this stage contains a tumor larger than stage 0 but still hasn’t spread outside the lung.

Stage 2

At this stage, the lung cancer has started spreading to the lymph nodes inside the patient’s lung. This stage may also include more than one tumor inside the same lobe of the patient’s lung.

Stage 3

The cancer at this stage has grown even bigger, affecting the nearby lymph nodes as well. Moreover, this stage can include more than one tumor in a different lobe of the same lung of the patient.

Stage 4

This is the stage where the cancer has spread to the other lung, the fluid around the patient’s heart, the fluid around the lung, or distant organs in the body.

What Are The Symptoms Of Lung Cancer?

Here are some of the major symptoms of lung cancer:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • A new cough that doesn’t go away
  • Pain or discomfort in the chest
  • A wheezing sound while breathing
  • Coughing up blood
  • Hoarseness in voice
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sudden and unexplained weight loss
  • Unexplained sense of fatigue
  • Shoulder pain
  • Swelling in the face, arms, neck, or upper chest
  • Droopy eyelid or small pupil in one eye

What Causes Lung Cancer?

In simple words, lung cancer is caused due to unwanted and uncontrolled cell division in your lungs. While cell division is a natural and important phenomenon, all cells in your body have a built-in “off-switch” that prevents them from multiplying beyond a limit.

While healthcare experts are still unsure about what exactly causes these cells to mutate, there are a few risk factors that trigger this mutation. Here are some of the most common risk factors regarding lung cancer:

  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Consuming second-hand tobacco smoke
  • Prolonged exposure to harmful chemicals, such as radon, asbestos, diesel exhaust, silica, uranium, etc.
  • A history of radiation treatments
  • A family history of lung cancer

Lung Cancer: Diagnosis

If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, make sure you seek immediate medical help before matters get worse. When you approach your doctor, they would ask you questions about your symptoms and suggest the right diagnostic procedures to understand what is wrong.

Here are some of the most common ways of diagnosing lung cancer:

  • Imaging tests (X-rays, CT Scans, etc.)
  • Blood tests (to understand how healthy your organs are)
  • Needle biopsy
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Thoracentesis
  • Endobronchial ultrasound
  • Mediastinoscopy

Lung Cancer Treatment

Depending on the diagnosis and the stage the cancer is in, your oncologist will suggest the right lung cancer treatment procedure to tackle the problem. Generally, surgeries are recommended to deal with the early stages of lung cancer.

Here are the common lung cancer treatment procedures followed by oncologists worldwide:

  • Surgery
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Targeted drug therapy
  • Palliative care (treatment procedures to ease symptoms)


The best treatment for lung cancer depends on the stage at which the patient is. Generally, doctors recommend surgeries to patients at earlier lung cancer stages (0 – 1). The later stages may require treatment procedures like chemotherapy, radiotherapy, etc. At Chest Surgery India, we provide holistic lung cancer treatment in Gurgaon and recommend the most suitable treatment procedure to patients according to their medical conditions.

Yes, Dr. Parveen Yadav at Chest Surgery India performs minimally invasive procedures to treat lung cancer. The renowned doctor is also popular for robotic thoracic oncology. Thanks to the developments in the field of medical science, it has become possible for skilled surgeons to treat serious and complicated diseases like lung cancer using minimally invasive procedures.

The cost of lung cancer treatment in Gurgaon depends on multiple factors, such as the patient’s lung cancer stage, their medical history, their physicality, and much more. Moreover, the treatment procedures used for tackling lung cancer dictate the cost of lung cancer treatment. When you visit the doctor for diagnosis, they will assess your situation and provide you with relevant details about the cost you will have to incur along with the most suitable treatment procedure.

Of course! Like most cancers, lung cancer is curable. Oncologists can cure a case of lung cancer by removing or destroying the cancerous tumor. This prevents the uncontrolled distribution of mutated cells in the patient’s lung tissue, curing them of the disease. The earlier lung cancer stages (0 – 2) can be considered more curable than the later stages (3 – 4). It may become difficult for the patient to return to normalcy if the damage has gone beyond control and the cancer has spread to multiple organs of the body.

Here are the most common first signs of lung cancer:
  • Wheezing sound while breathing
  • A new and persistent cough
  • Blood in cough
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • A hoarse voice
It is common for most patients to ignore these signs as they are often attributed to trivial health complications. However, if you or any of your loved ones experience such symptoms, it is advisable to consult a lung specialist in your city.

The rate at which lung cancer spreads depends upon the stage at which the patient is and their existing health conditions. Compared to most cancer types, lung cancer spreads faster if it is not diagnosed and treated. It does not take more than a year for a cancerous tumor in the lungs to move to an advanced stage, causing more and more damage to the patient’s health. This makes it important to detect the cancer at an early stage and prevent it from spreading.

If you are a healthy individual and want to stay away from lung cancer, it is advisable to stay away from smoking tobacco. Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer across the world. If you are a smoker, make sure you quit immediately. It is also advisable to prevent secondhand smoking, exposure to air pollution, and unhealthy lifestyle (in terms of diet and physical activity) to stay away from issues like lung cancer.